我国航空碳排放发展特征及影响因素研究
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南京航空航天大学

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U8

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Study on development characteristics and influencing factors of China''s aviation carbon emission
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    摘要:

    航空运输为出行者提供高效、便捷的飞行服务的同时,运输过程的碳排放对大气造成的污染成为一个世界性的焦点问题,也给中国的民航运输业带来巨大的减排压力。有效地识别碳排放的驱动因素及分析各因素的影响程度是实现减排的关键。在计算中国航空运输业2000-2017年碳排放并分析其演变特征的基础上,通过对Kaya恒等式变形、采用对数平均指数分解法(LMDI)对影响中国航空运输业碳排放的驱动因素进行实证分析。研究结果表明,经济发展规模、产业规模、人口规模对碳排放起到正向的驱动作用,能源强度和运输强度起到反向抑制作用。

    Abstract:

    While air transport provides travelers with efficient and convenient flight services, the air pollution caused by carbon emissions from air transport has become a worldwide focus problem, which also brings great pressure on China''s civil aviation transport industry to reduce emissions. Effectively identifying the driving factors of carbon emission and analyzing the influence degree of each factor is the key to realize emission reduction. Based on the calculation of the carbon emissions of China''s air transport from 2000 to 2017 and the analysis of its evolution characteristics, the paper conducts an empirical analysis of the driving factors affecting the carbon emission of China''s air transport through the deformation of Kaya identity and the use of logarithmic average index decomposition (LMDI). The result shows that the scale of economic development, industrial scale and population play a positive role in driving carbon emissions, while energy intensity and transport intensity play a negative role in restraining carbon emissions.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-06
  • 最后修改日期:2019-05-06
  • 录用日期:2019-06-10
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